The simulation of biomechanical structures is used inter alia for the simulation and planning of surgeries and is implemented especially in key projects.
Thus, a simulation model of the complete extraocular eye muscles was developed in the SEE-KID/CEVD project. The software system allows the simulation of a three-dimensional “virtual patient” together with a realistic representation of the muscle shape and movement. Providing an interactive simulation of misalignments and eye muscle surgery is thereby possible.
In the MEDVIS 3D project, the blood flow through brain arteries, including the deformation of the vessel walls, can be simulated. The finite element method for the efficient numerical solution of flow equations is used for this purpose.
Realistic simulation models are also used for the Virtual Surgery Simulator in theVIRTUAL ANEURYSM project to simulate the blood flow through intracranial aneurysms for clipping operations using haptic input devices.